|Success of Hybrid Glutinous Rice|
Fall is harvest season, and in the village of Yuelong, Luobu Town, Jinhua Development Zone, mechanical reapers are continuously shuttling through the golden paddies.
“In accordance with the production measurement method approved by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, we randomly selected fields to calculate the yield. The results show that the average yield of Huanuoyou No. 1 single-season late rice is 706.43 kg per mu (0.165 acre/666.5 square meters), and that of Huanuoyou No. 2 single-season late rice is 818.30 kg per mu. The overall yield is close to the production of indica-japonica hybrid rice,” said by Fang Fuping, an expert in yield testing and assistant to the director of the China National Rice Research Institute.
“After selection and recommendation by the Jinhua Academy of Agricultural Sciences (JAAS), we planted the two new glutinous rice varieties in May, and they have grown very well. According to the experts, the average yield per mu has increased by 150 kg compared with conventional glutinous rice varieties. The current market price of glutinous rice is about 3.6 RMB per kilogram, so the average income per mu of land can be increased by 500 to 600 RMB,” said Chen Sumei, a farmer of the experimental fields for new glutinous rice.
At present, the planting area of glutinous rice in China is about 20 million mu (about 13,000 sq. km), which is basically conventional glutinous rice, and the planting area of hybrid glutinous rice is relatively small. In order to further improve the yield and quality of hybrid glutinous rice, as well as meet the market demand, the research team of the Institute of Crop Research of JAAS began to work on indica-japonica hybrid glutinous rice in 2008. After 10 years of hard work, a new combination of indica and japonica hybrid glutinous rice was developed. This hybrid breeding method has obtained the national patent.
“The glutinous rice smells fragrant and tastes sticky. It is often used to make local snacks and is also the main raw material for wine making,” said Zhang Zhixing, a senior agronomist from the Institute of Crop Research of JAAS. “The application of indica and japonica hybrid glutinous rice is quite promising. Next, we will connect with the glutinous rice processing industry to extend the industrial chain, and further help farmers increase their income.”
JAAS has integrated the scientific and technological resources of the rice teams of the Institute of Crop Research and established an indica-japonica hybrid glutinous rice laboratory to accelerate the high-quality agricultural development of Jinhua. (By Zhang Xinyu, translated by Li Ziyi, edited by Kendra Fiddler)