Millenary Culture on Grand Display
发布日期:2021-02-08 浏览次数:


Under the guidance of Zhejiang Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage and sponsored by Zhejiang Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Zhejiang Provincial Museum, Pujiang County People’s Government, and Shangshan Cultural Relics Alliance, the exhibition puts on display the latest archaeological achievements on Shangshan culture unearthed from the sites of Pujiang, Qiaotou (Yiwu), and Xiatang (Xianju).

The opening ceremony of the exhibit “Millenary Zhejiang Starts from Here: Archaeological Achievement on Shangshan Culture” was held on the afternoon of January 15 at the Gushan Hall of Zhejiang Provincial Museum. Ge Xuebin, deputy director of the Publicity Department of the Provincial Party Committee; Liu He, director of the Provincial Administration of Cultural Heritage; and Jiang Leping, senior resea

 

From the perspective of the study of utensils, Shangshan culture features the combination of the characteristics of widemouthed pot and saddle-quern. These two kinds of artifacts are not only the most representative of the culture, but also reflect the presence of primitive rice culture.

 

Shangshan sites differ from others of similar ages in the sense that evidence of settlement, agricultural practice, and rice cultivation is preserved. In the absence of comparable evidence at other sites, Shangshan is the first example to be discovered and is considered the “first settlement in ancient China.”

 

Without a doubt, Shangshan culture presents a crucial cultural influence in that part of history. Particularly, Shangshan culture symbolizes the beginning of human settlement and, simultaneously, also symbolizes the genetic transformation and domestication of the species.

 

What’s On Display

Widemouthed pots, jars with handles, pottery kettles, cups, and bowls are some of the over 100 pieces put on display at the exhibition, which shows the early, middle, and late phases of the history of Shangshan culture. The attraction of the exhibition is the ten-thousand-year-old grain of rice which lays in the center of the exhibition hall central.

 

Ten-thousand-year-old grain of rice

 

Archaeological discoveries proved that rice domestication took place in Shangshan culture about 10,000 years ago. In the early stages of rice domestication, though, hunting and gathering was still an important food source, which still accounted for a larger proportion in the diet.

 

Saddle-quern and stone roller

Saddle-querns and stone rollers were used together to process food, like rough rice, nuts, and tubers.


 

Among the charcoal-mixed pottery unearthed from the Shangshan sites were mixed varieties and large quantities of rice husks, stems, and leaves. 

 

A large quantity of rice grains and rachillae and a minor quantity of carbonized rice were found by floatation at the sites. The findings proved that the rice discovered at the site belongs to a quite primitive phase of rice cultivation. The variety of peculiar utensils unearthed at the site give the site itself great significance.

The utensils include colored pottery, which is so far the earliest painted pottery ever found in the world. And it is considered to be one of the sources of Chinese pottery production.


Widemouthed pots are considered to be cooking vessels and are the most abundant and representative discoveries of the Shangshan culture. A total of 323 pieces were unearthed from the Pujiang site, accounting nearly 57% of the total discoveries. 

Pottery jars, considered to be containers, rank second for quantity of utensils unearthed from the Shangshan sites; presenting quite a rich variety of pieces, the most outstanding pieces are the double-handled jars.

 

Millenary Shangshan: World Rice Cradle

Since the discovery of the Pujiang site of Shangshan culture in 2000, a total of 19 early neolithic sites have been discovered throughout Zhejiang, and 13 of them are located in the municipality of Jinhua. Archeological discoveries of the Neolithic period in Zhejiang can be divided by the Qiantang River. North of the river is the basin of Lake Taihu, presenting the sites of Majiabang, Songze, and Liangzhu; south of the river stand the sites of Shangshan and Kuahuqiao.

On the occasion of last year’s Shangshan Symposium, experts agreed:  “Shangshan culture is the cradle of the world’s rice culture. The evidence of the origins and development of rice in the Shangshan culture over thousands of years is an important revision in the understanding of the origin of world agriculture.”

This is the first Shangshan culture exhibition held at the provincial museum and is the first event putting on display the archaeological achievements in the study of Shangshan culture. Translated by Marco Lovisetto, edited by Mariam Ayad)

浙江最早的村里人,在省城隆重亮相!他们来自万年……

 展出时间:115-314

 展览地点:浙江省博物馆孤山馆区精品馆

 本次展览由浙江省文物局指导,由浙江省文物考古研究所、浙江省博物馆、浦江县人民政府、上山文化遗址联盟主办,展览将展出浦江上山遗址、 义乌桥头遗址、仙居下汤遗址等出土的上山文化最新考古成果。

     今天下午2时,万年浙江,从这里开始——上山文化考古成果展开幕式在浙江省博物馆孤山馆区主楼前广场举行。省委宣传部副部长、电影局局长葛学斌,省文化和旅游厅党组成员、省文物局局长柳河,省文物考古研究所研究员蒋乐平等领导和专家出席开幕式。。

 

 严文明对万年上山予以极高评价:上山是世界级的,两个最早,稻作农业世界第一,彩陶世界第一。

 

 

 

 

 


严文明著名考古学家、国家文物局专家组成员、北京大学资深教授

 

蒋乐平浙江省文物考古研究所研究员

  从器物学的角度,上山文化可别称为大口盆石磨盘文化,这两种器物不但最具代表性,更反映了一种原始的稻作文化信息。

 

 

刘莉美国斯坦福大学东亚语言与文化系教授

 

  上山和其他不同的地方,定居和农业起源、稻作起源同时保存,这在其他地方都没有这么好的证据,上山是发现的第一个这样的遗址,远古中华第一村名副其实。

 

 

Gary Crawford加拿大皇家科学院院士、多伦多大学人类学系教授

  毫无疑问,上山在文化内涵和时间点上都十分重要。从最显著的两点来说,上山标志着定居的产生,同时,也标志着物种在基因上转变和驯化。

 

展览现场

  大口盆、双耳罐、陶壶、陶杯、陶碗……展厅现场,上山文化早、中、晚不同时期100多件特色坛坛罐罐,琳琅满目。

  最为引人瞩目的是万年稻米,它放置在展厅最中央,在灯光的照耀下,散发出夺目的光芒,讲述着万年稻谷飘香的久远记忆。 

 

 

  万年一粒米

  考古发现证明,1万年前的上山文化中已经出现水稻驯化行为,不过在驯化初期,狩猎采集依旧是重要的食物来源,稻谷在当时饮食结构中的占比反倒远远不及其它野生动植物的占比。

 

  石磨盘和石磨棒

石磨盘和石磨棒作为研磨工具,存在上下配套使用的关系,用于加工与食物有关的物质,如稻谷、坚果、块茎类植物等。

 

  夹炭陶

 

  上山文化遗址出土的夹炭陶中,掺和大量的稻壳、稻茎和稻叶。

 

  上山遗址陶片中的小穗轴

 

  上山遗址的土样标本中浮选出大量稻谷小穗轴和少量炭化米。研究结果显示,上山文化发 现的稻谷遗存属于比较原始的栽培稻。

  上山文化赖命名的重要标志,

  还有遗址出土的各类特征性器物。

  其中,上山遗址出土的彩陶

  被认为是迄今为止发现的

  世界上最早的彩陶,

  也是中国彩陶文化的重要源头之一。

 

  大口盆

  大口盆作为炊器,是上山文化发现数量最多、最具标识性的器物。浦江上山遗址就出土了323件,占陶器总数的近57%

 

  陶罐作为盛器,是上山文化陶器中数量排名第二的器类,类型比较丰富,以双耳罐的特征最为鲜明。

 

  





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