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2018 Beijing Summit of the FOCAC
Post Time: 03/09/2018

 

The 2018 Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), which is the largest forum hosted by China, will be held on September 3 and 4. The theme of the forum is “China and Africa: Toward an even stronger community with a shared future through mutual cooperation.” Leaders from China and Africa gathered in Beijing to build friendship and discuss future cooperation.

The Institute of African Studies at Zhejiang Normal University (IASZNU) organized experts and scholars to write a series of articles with the topic of China-Africa cooperation. On August 28, assistant professor Liu Qinghai’s article titled “Leading China-Africa Pragmatic Cooperation to a Higher Level” was published in Guangming Daily. The following is an excerpt of the original article:

   In China, it is always stressed that countries, whether large or small, rich or poor, should respect each other in international community. The objectives of the FOCAC is [sic] “equal consultation, enhancing understanding, expanding consensus, strengthening friendship, and promoting cooperation.” It has further strengthened the friendly cooperation between China and African countries and realized mutual development. At previous conferences of the FOCAC, in order to deepen China-Africa trade cooperation, China has taken various measures to promote Africa’s exports to China. At the first Ministerial Conference of FOCAC in 2000, the Chinese government stated that it would prioritize the import of African goods based on the needs of Chinese markets. Additionally, the China-Africa Product Exhibition Center was established in China; At the second Ministerial Conference of FOCAC in 2003, it was announced that some of the least developed countries in Africa were given zero-tariff treatment for some of the goods exported to China, and this policy was officially implemented in 2005. In 2006, Beijing Summit & the 3rd [sic] Ministerial Conference of the FOCAC was held, at which China pledged to further open up its market to Africa, increasing the number of exported items (from 190 to 440) to China eligible for zero-tariff treatment from the least developed countries in Africa. At the 4th Ministerial Conference of FOCAC in 2009, it was stated that the range of zero-tariff treatment for African exported items to China has reached 95%, and exceeded 97% after the 5th Ministerial Conference of FOCAC. All these measures have taken great effect. Africa’s export volume to China have [sic] increased from 4.79 billion USD in 2001 to 112.88 billion USD in 2013.

    China is more aware that human resource is an important prerequisite for long-term development. At the first Ministerial Conference, China pledged to establish an African Human Resources Development Fund (AHRDF). Then at the second Ministerial Conference, China proved to increase the financial contribution to the AHRDF for the training of over 10,000 African personnel in different fields. At Beijing Summit & the third [sic] Ministerial Conference in 2006, [sic] China pledged to increase input, based on AHRDF, to train 15,000 professionals for African countries, send 100 senior experts on agricultural technologies to Africa and set up in Africa 10 demonstration centers of agricultural technology with special features, and build 30 demonstration centers for prevention and treatment of malaria within three years. China and Africa proposed to launch the China-Africa Science and Technology Partnership Plan at the 4th Ministerial Conference in 2009 helping African countries develop their own science and technology capacity. Additionally, Chinese Government [sic] undertook to train a total of 20,000 people in various sectors for African countries in the next three years. At the 5th Ministerial Conference in 2012, Chinese government [sic] promised to implement the “African Talents Program”. From 2012 to 2015, China would train 30,000 African professionals in various sectors, offer 18,000 government scholarships and take measures to improve the content and quality of the training programs. After the Johannesburg Summit & the 6th Ministerial Conference in 2015, Chinese government [sic] has trained 200,000 local African vocational and technical personnel and provided Africa with 40,000 training opportunities in China enhancing the self-development ability of Africa.

According to the survey in October 2016, nearly two-thirds of Africans believed that China’s influence in Africa was positive. In general, the initiatives launched by Chinese government at previous conferences of FOCAC, welcomed by African people, promoted China-Africa pragmatic cooperation realizing mutual benefits, and was beneficial to build a stronger community in which China and Africa shared a common destiny.

(Translated by Jiao Tingting, edited by Kendra Fiddler)

 

  Source text:

www.zjnu.edu.cn/2018/0828/c3997a266803/page.htm

 

 

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